There is no doubt Postgres.app is the easiest way to get started with the latest version of postgresql, however, using it with
pg gem could result a bit frustrating at first so here I describe full steps to get it working in El Capital(OSX 10.11) and Postgres.app 9.4+.
Changes are you're looking at an output similar to this:
Building native extensions with: '--with-pg-config=...' This could take a while... ERROR: Error installing pg: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.
This means that the gem was unable to locate a postgresql installation in your OSX system even when you have a functional Postgres.app working in your trail bar.
With Xcode installed you'll now have a new command line program called
xcode-select that you'd use to install the necessary compilation toolchain:
Let it run for a few minutes.
It's widely known that Postgresql keep changing the location of
pg_config, so what we do is to make sure we know the path of this program by performing a search in your OSX system:
sudo find / -name "pg_config"
In my computer and for the current version of Postgresql shipped with Postgres.app that fetches:
We can finally use that path to compile our gem as follows:
sudo env ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64" gem install pg -- --with-pg-config=/Applications/Postgres.app/Contents/Versions/9.4/bin/pg_config
Once it installs, you can resume the usual setup of your app with